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EN | Timeline – Quinta generación (1991 – )



Fifth generation (1991 - )

6th generation computers

Japan announces its strategy for building sixth-generation, neural network-based computers

Power PC microprocessors

Apple, IBM and Motorola start to develop the Power PC microprocessor family

Birth of Solaris

Sun sells machines with RISC architecture and fine tunes the Solaris operating system

AMD launches the AMD 386 DX

AMD introduces the 386 DX, the first Intel 386 clone, and breaks the Intel monopoly

Birth of Linux

Linus Torvalds programs Linux, a variant of the Minix operating system (created by Andrew S.Tannenbaum) in his spare time. The code of the new operating system was quickly distributed free of charge over the Internet

Birth of the RedIRIS

IRIS is renamed as RedIRIS, which is today’s national academic and research network

Languages for remote programs

Languages for communicating with remote programs, such as CORBA, are released. CORBA was based on a joint proposal by
Dec, HP, NCR, and Sun

SPARC Station 10 is released

Sun sells the SPARCstation 10, its first desktop multiprocessor computer

First virus on the internet

The Michelangelo virus is distributed over the Internet, causing great concern among internauts

Creation of the RISC architecture

DEC introduces the first chip to implement Alpha, its 64-bit RISC architecture

The First PDA

Apple releases Newton, a PDA (personal digital assistant), which was to become very popular

Birth of the Intel Pentium

Intel introduces Pentium, a microprocessor with 3.1 million transistors and a speed of 60 MHz

Creation of the Cray T3D

The Cray T3D multicomputer is developed. Operating at speeds from 25 gigaflops to 1.5 teraflops, it was designed to solve problems requiring supercomputing in the fields of biology and chemistry

Mosaic graphical interface

The National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois develops Mosaic, a graphical user interface for Web browsing

The IBM ThinkPad 750 is released

IBM launches ThinkPad 750. The first "notebook" to travel into space onboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope

Netscape is founded

Jim Clark and Marc Andreesen form the Netscape Communications company and release the first version of their browser

DNA as a means of computing

Leonard Adleman of the University of Southern California shows that DNA can be used as a means of computing

Linux 1.0

After three years of preliminary versions, version 1.0 of the Linux kernel is released

Premiere of Toy Story

The feature film Toy Story is released. It was completely computer animated

Birth of Java

Sun Microsystems Inc creates Java. This software can be used to develop platform-independent applications. Duke was the first applet

Delphi environment

Borland introduces Delphi a programming environment for fast application development

The DVD is born

DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) is released to meet needs for a common standard format for video, audio and data

Birth of Windows 95

Microsoft sells the first version of the Windows operating system: Windows 95. The launch was supported by a spectacular advertising campaign

The Pentium Pro is launched

Pentium Pro is announced. Pentium Pro contained 5.5 million transistors and ran at a speed of 150 MHz

10 million people on the Internet

There are an estimated 10 million Internet users worldwide

The CD-RW is born

A consortium of several companies develops the CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable)

The Sun Ultra is launched

Sun Ultra, a workstation with a 64-bit UltraSPARC processor with on-chip multimedia, is launched

Intel Pentium II is released

Intel releases Pentium II. Pentium II contained 7.5 million transistors and ran at speeds of around 233 MHz

IBM launches ASCI Deep Blue

IBM Launches ASCI Deep Blue, a supercomputer capable of evaluating 20 million chess positions per second. The world champion Gary Kasparov can evaluate only 3 positions per second

Windows 98 goes on sale

Microsoft put up for sale Windows 98, Windows 95 review, which are fixed many bugs and added new features

PageRank is created

Stanford University students Larry Page and Sergey Brin create the PageRank search engine to automatically track Internet addresses. This algorithm is the heart of Google

Intel Pentium III is released

Intel’s Pentium III comes on the market. It contained 28 million transistors and ran at speeds of around 400 MHz

Athlon goes on sale

AMD releases the Athlon 2000 processor

First 1 GHz home processor

The AMD Athlon is the first domestic processor to reach speeds of 1 GHz. It contained 37 million transistors

Nobel Prize in Physics

The inventors of the integrated circuit receive the Nobel Prize in Physics

Intel Pentium 4 goes on sale

Intel Pentium 4 is released. It was built with 48 million transistors and reached speeds of 1.5 GHz

IBM ASCI White supercomputer

IBM’s ASCI White supercomputer, capable of speeds around 12.3 teraflops, is released

Birth of Windows XP

The number of Internet users worldwide reaches about 500 million people, Some 120 million are in Europe and 7 million are Spanish

500 million people on the internet

El número de usuarios de alguno de los servicios de Internet es de casi 500 millones de personas en todo el mundo, de las que 120 millones son europeas y más de 7 millones españolas