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EN | Timeline – Tercera generación (1965 – 1970)



Third generation (1965 - 1970)

First minicomputer

DEC launches the first minicomputer, the PDP-8

RAM memory patent

IBM patents the idea of building single-transistor cell RAM

MULTICS operating system

The MAC project boosts the development of the MULTICS operating system

Stored program

Maurice Wilkes proposes the use of cache memories

Artificial hand

Rajko Tomovic of the University of Belgrade attempts to develop an artificial hand with sense of touch

The UNIVAC 1108 goes on the market

IUNIVAC 1108 is launched. UNIVAC 1108 was the first multiprocessor computer

First ARPANET plan

The ARPANET plan is released. ARPANET was a US military and institutional computer network

Bases of logic programming

J. A. Robinson (Doctor Honoris Causa of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, proposed by the Facultad de Informática) develops the foundations of logic programming

ITA is celebrated

The ATI (Association of Computing Professionals) founding assembly is held in Madrid

First object-oriented language

Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard develop SIMULA 67 at the Norwegian Computing Center in Oslo. SIMULA 67 was the first object-oriented language

Teaching language

Seymour Papert creates LOGO a programming language for teaching children

Hand calculator

Jack Kilby, Jerry Merryman and James Van Tassel invent the pocket calculator at Texas Instruments. The calculator was capable of performing the four basic operations

Algorithm and data structure

Donald Knuth refers to algorithms and data structures as separate entities from the programs in which they are used

Software engineering

The term software engineering was coined at a conference financed by the NATO Science Committee on the "software crisis"

Structured programming

Edsger Dijkstra discusses the disadvantages of using of the goto statement and advantages of structured programming

Burroughs machines

Burroughs B2500 and B3500 are the first machines to incorporate integrated circuits

Date nomalization

The standard 6-digit (YYMMDD) date format is adopted, a decision that originated the year 2000 crisis

Birth of Intel

Robert Noyce, Andy Grove and Gordon Moore found Intel

CDC 7600 supercomputer

Seymour Cray designs the CDC 7600 supercomputer, which reached speeds of 40 megaflops and incorporated pipeline structures

The IBM 360/85 goes on the market

IBM 360/85 is released. IBM 360/85 was the first computer with cache memory

Hardware and software trade

IIBM announces that it is to start to sell hardware and software components separately.

Birth of the Institute of Informatics

The Instituto de Informática de Madrid (Informatics Institute of Madrid) is established. The Instituto de Informática de Madrid the forerunner of the UPM’s Facultad de Informática

First ARPANET nodes

The first four ARPANET nodes are set up at UCLA, the Stanford Research Institute (SRI), UC Santa Barbara and the University of Utah

RS-232-C standard

The RS-232-C standard is introduced to facilitate data exchange between computers and peripherals

HP launches its first minicomputer

HP launches the first timesharing minicomputer that supports up to 16 users

System / 3 is marketed

IBM markets System / 3, the first 16-bit minicomputer

Thomas watson jr

Shakey develops the first robot using artificial intelligence for navigation at SRI

Birth of UNIX

Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie of Bell Labs compile the first version of UNIX

Relational model

EE. F. Codd describes the relational model

8 inch floppy disk

IBM develops and introduces the 8-inch floppy disk, the precursor of modern disks

Creation of PASCAL

Niklaus Wirth develops Pascal, which led to Modula-2, released in 1972

New IBM 370 computers

IBM announces the new IBM 370 computer series

The PDP-11 is launched on the market

The PDP-11 minicomputer is released. Versions of this minicomputer were to be sold into the 1990s